There are many factors that affect scientific objectivity. Even the most diligent and bias-free scientists may be influenced by various factors that compromise their impartiality. Like all people, scientists carry their own personal perspectives. These may be ideological, psychological, or other types of attitudes shaped by social influences. Scientific objectivity…


We have all heard about Pragmatism. What does it really mean? Read on for the basics of this American philosophy and the people who made this a dominant trend in modern thinking. This is the complete version on Pragmatism previously published in three separate parts on this and other media.


The history of science and philosophy in classical Greece shows that Aristotle and others, such as Eratosthenes and Hipparchus, were the first scholars to establish a scientific method, the pursuit of knowledge through systematic observation, measurement and experiment and the formulation, testing and modification of hypotheses.

Aristotle recognized that empirical…


Feyerabend and Kuhn explained

In my own experience scientists are actually fascinated and thrive by their own lack of knowledge. But what about their methods? Is there such a thing as the scientific method or do scientists make great discoveries in the absence of logic and method, driven by intuition, anarchy and (mostly) uncommon…


Quest for the Holy Grail

In his introduction to The Feynman Lectures on Physics, physicist Richard Feynman wrote “I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics. So do not take the lecture too seriously, feeling that you really have to understand in terms of some model what I am going to describe…


Those of us who grew up with the science fiction of Jules Verne, will remember our fascination with such novels as From the Earth to the Moon, and Around the Moon. While Verne did not write about alien life, he inspired many authors who expanded his vision into the realm…


Introduction

When Einstein first published his theory of relativity in 1905, it was said that there were no more than a small handful of scientists in the world who could understand it. Sir Arthur Eddington, an English astrophysicist and one of the early champions of relativity, was asked whether it was…


Helen Keller in 1912

In my birth city, Thessaloniki, Greece, we had a school named “Greek-American Cultural Institute”. Besides being an excellent school for learning English as a foreign language, it was also a cultural centre with events centered around American history, folk music, and literature.

In my last class before graduation, I had…


Even non-philosophers like us cannot resist the story of the Black Swan. A story that has been told in thousands of first year philosophy classes, as its philosophical substance is quite profound.

Until 1697 people had seen many white swans and no swans of any other color, and naturally they…


Halley’s comet passes near the Earth every 76 years, so it’s not entirely impossible to say “hello” to Halley twice in your lifetime. For my part, I saw the comet just once and that will be all. …

Michael Sidiropoulos

Independent consultant and author who writes about the philosophy of science and the scientific method. His most recent book is “The Mind of Science”.

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